Breast augmentation refers to surgery that is done to change the size or shape of a woman’s breast. It can also be done to increase the volume of the breast. This surgery can also be conducted so as to restore the shape of a woman’s breasts after a pregnancy or she has lost weight. The surgery can be conducted by a cosmetic surgeon. The surgeon makes use of specialized tools to insert an implant into the breast so as to achieve the desired results. This implant is placed under the muscles of the chest or in the tissue of the breast. The implants can be full of various fluids. Examples of these fluids are silicone or saline fluid. Despite the various benefits of breast augmentation, there are a number of risks that are associated with this type of surgery.
General risks of surgery
A main risk in any surgery is negative reaction to the anesthetic that is administered. Some people are allergic to the contents of anesthetic. Thus, before the surgery begins, the surgeon always asks the patient about their allergies. During the surgery, the patient can bleed excessively. This is especially in cases where they are anemic. This can pose a risk to their life. In such a case, the surgeon always pumps more blood into the patient to preserve their life. The patient can also contract an infection during a breast augmentation surgery. Blood clots can also occur. Thankfully, cosmetic surgeons have mitigation procedures for each of these risks.
Risk of capsular contracture
After a breast augmentation surgery, the body naturally creates scar tissue around the implant. This is known as a capsule. This tissue is part of the process of healing in the breast. After some time, this scar tissue is supposed to shrink considerably. This process is known as capsular contraction. There is the risk that the capsule does not shrink as normally expected. Instead it tightens around the implant. This makes the breast to feel hard and causes the patient painful discomfort. This contraction can only be corrected with further surgery.
Risk of rupture
This is where the implant splits and spills its contents into the body. This split can be caused by a variety of factors. The case of the implant can have a problems with its construction. As a result, it can break open after insertion into the breast. Also, the rapture can be caused by injury to the breast. An example of injury is pressure applied on the breast causing the implant to burst open. Also, rapture can be caused by the case of the implant getting weaker. This can happen over time. It can get so weak that it eventually splits and spills its contents. The symptoms of a breast implant rapture include feeling that the breast is lumpy or red and tender. If the implant is filled with saline and bursts, the saline solution is simply absorbed into the body. However, if the implant is filled with silicone, this material can cause serious problems if it spills into the body. It can cause siliconoma or gel bleeding. In case you should experience a split, you should contact a health provider immediately and get a replacement for your implant.
Risk of seroma
Seroma is a condition where fluid accumulates around the implant. This phenomenon is common and the fluid often gets absorbed into the body. In cases where it does not, the fluid may need to be drained surgically.
Risk of severe scars
After a breast augmentation surgery, the breasts normally experience scars. These scars should be mild and heal over time. In some cases however, the scars are not mild. They can grow thick, full of lumps and become painful. In such a case, the patient should contact their cosmetic surgeon for a solution. Scars brought about by breast augmentation should heal quickly. If they are severe, they can last for years before they heal.
Risk of loss of sensation
After a breast augmentation surgery, it is normal that the nipples of the breast lose sensation. However, the sensation should return after a few days. In some cases, the sensation does not resume for a long time. On the other hand, some women may find that their nipples become hyper-sensitive. They can become so sensitive that they are painful to the touch. Should they become this way, it is important for you to see your cosmetic surgeon for treatment.