Reduction or Augmentation – How to change your breasts

Cosmetic surgery is a procedure that is specifically tailored to enhance beauty of patients by rectifying various flaws that arise from aging, weight gain and other health conditions. breast augmentation is one of the most popular surgical procedures in this category. Since its introduction in the medical fraternity, thousands of people have undergone it and achieve positive results. Learning facilities have also taken bold step to introduce medical courses that are specifically tailored to train surgeons on how to carry out this procedure carefully. Below are some facts to help you understand this form of cosmetic surgery smarter.

What is breast augmentation?

This is a special procedure that is specifically tailored to enhance size of patient’s breasts. It can be done using silicone implants or fat extracted from parts of the patient’s body. More often than not, patients who undergo this procedure have sagging breasts or little fat in sections certain sections of the breasts. Also, a small percentage of patients develop uneven gluteal muscles which in turn compromise the appearance of their breasts.

How is it done?

Surgeons make special incisions on upper parts of the breasts in a bid to introduce the silicone implants or fat tissue. This is done using technologically advanced equipment that are have been tested and proven to be effective in facilitating this process. The amount of time required to complete this project ranges between 2-3 hours but this is independent on the issue at hand.

Recovery Process

Just like any other surgical procedure, patients may experience some discomfort and bruising around the breasts. In most cases, patients are advised not to lie on their backs for two or three weeks after the surgery to achieve even results. Nowadays, there is an advanced compression garment that is tailored to control swelling and shorten healing process.

The incisions on the breast and areola

When it is the case of a breast lift (mastopexy) and or a breast reduction, the problem to overcome is the excess breast tissue area left. For the breast to be raised the skin that used to cause the sagging has to be cut-off.

This might be an considerable inconvenience to some women, since the change will leave scars. In some cases the scars are more noticeable (redish  – as a result of queloid tissue formation). This is totally dependent on the genetics and skin properties of the patient. No matter how much and how perfect the surgeon makes the cuts and readjusts the breast tissue, some patients will have scars in their breasts. The least noticeable scars are those around the areola, but if there is a cut below the areola in the actual breast there is a good change it will be noted. Be sure you understand this before the surgery and not after.

What are the risks attached to this cosmetic surgery?

Some of the mild risks and side effects attached to breast augmentation include bleeding, muscle and nerve damage. However, a professional and experienced cosmetic surgeon has the capacity to reduce magnitude of these risks especially if incisions are to be made around the delicate rectal area.

How to prepare for it?

Before undergoing this surgery, it is recommendable to consult a doctor who has deep understanding of your health condition to make informed decision. Also, consider the total cost of the surgery to make the necessary financial plans.

Bottom Line: breast augmentation is a safe cosmetic procedure that can enhance general appearance, posture and confidence of patients.

Weird Surgery: The Case of Jocelyn Wildenstien

Too much of a good thing is bad.

How about too much of something unnatural? Like plastic surgery? What could possibly go wrong?

img courtesy of http://www.austinliposuction.com

Starting with the obvious, going under the knife once could leave a scar. Going through several is not going to look nice. This is what happened to Jocelyn Wildenstein.

Her story started out with her as a lucky girl who married into the very wealthy Wildenstein family. Having said that, it becomes easy to imagine where someone like her could get the money for these types of surgeries.

It was her husband, Alec who drove her to her first procedure with cosmetic surgery. Alec Wildenstein was reported to have a penchant for cats. Being the ever loving wife, Jocelyn made an effort to become the things that her husband liked in the most imaginative way possible. She had face-lifts, check implants, massive amounts of botox, nose jobs and the like just to be able to bring herself closer to the semblance of a cat. Her efforts were duly rewarded by the public who respectfully gave her the nickname of “cat woman.”

Over the years, Jocelyn tried to look more and more unnatural with her procedures. Her “need” became severe after finding her husband in bed with another woman. A younger woman. The insecurity and shame had probably pushed her over the edge.

Although it wasn’t just her sanity that caused her to go overboard. Her bank account took a trip to the extremes as well. After the cheating incident, the resulting divorce case ended in a very controversial and widely talked-about debacle that won Jocelyn more than thirteen billion dollars. She was also given an annual stipend of more than ninety million dollars for the following thirteen years after that. Now that’s a lot of money.

Because of the sudden increase in budget, her ability to continuously get plastic surgery increased as well. As of today, she has been reported to have spent over four million dollars in these procedures. Her pictures tell a very interesting tale of transformation from something human to extra-terrestrial.

But with so much money and time on her hands, who could judge her? She’s now living in a plastic bubble which makes her very happy. Numerous reporters who have approached her surgeons all say the same thing.

According to them, Jocelyn is a very satisfied customer. She had a vision in mind which the doctors delivered. For that she’s happy.

Plastic Surgery Historical Facts

Vanity is perhaps part of human nature. Everybody wants to look good or presentable. No matter how modern it sounds, plastic surgery is not a new procedure. Crude cosmetic surgeries are written in ancient Indian Sanskrit that dates back up to 600 BC. Plastic surgery also become popular in ancient Rome, where Roman physicians would perform surgeries to fix and reconstruct noses, eyelids, lips and even teeth. Cosmetic surgery and other cosmetic procedures have stood the test of time to prove that vanity is timeless.

For centuries, cosmetic surgery procedures can be practiced by anyone. Plastic surgery was a crude process that includes inserting and grafting anything on the skin. Pig skin was commonly grafter into human skin during the Renaissance.

The moral stigma caused by plastic surgery may have come from the 1500’s. During this time, people with syphilis had their noses destroyed by the bacteria. Gaspare Tagliacozzi, the father of modern plastic surgery, developed a virtual nose for people with syphilis. As a result, people associate these fake noses with syphilitic people. Young women with virtual noses were deemed undesirable.

The term “plastic surgery” was first coined by Karl Ferdinand Graefe in 1818 in his book titled Rhinoplastik. His book aimed to banish the moral stigma that is associated with nose reconstruction that can be dated back to 1500’s.

The First World War and the Second World War demand an increase in plastic surgery procedures, thus advancing the processes involved. The American surgeons who have served during the First World War joined together in 1931 to form the American Association of Plastic Surgeons. They aim to stop the spread of unregulated plastic surgery procedures in the US.

Because of the injuries of soldiers and civilians during the Second World War, plastic surgery became a must to repair limbs, extensively burnt skin and deformed faces. Surgeons that time extensively researched about tissue health. On the other hand, the Nazi Germany had a different view on plastic surgery. They used it to “repair” the soldiers’ faces who were “too ugly” to represent the Nazi regime. Benito Mussolini, too, used plastic surgery to improve the performance of Italian generals. Droopy eyelids were fixed so they could see better.

Silicone injections were first used for breast augmentation (ref article) in the 60’s. Silicone injection, however, was first used in Japan to plump the legs of polio patients. Silicone breast injections are becoming less and less popular because they present a host of irreversible side effects.

Men and Cosmetic Surgery

Find out Why More Men Are Undergoing Cosmetic Surgery

Today is a world where beauty and youth are prized even for males. Over the past few years, there has been a growing trend on cosmetic surgery among men. Prominent plastic surgeons in New York revealed that there is a huge misconception among the public that all patients undergoing plastic surgery procedures are women.

Per information from the ASAPS or the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, the total number of cosmetic procedures for males has grown by over 106 percent from 1997 to 2012.

Furthermore, the group of NYC-based surgeons reported that there are two basic reasons why men undergo cosmetic surgery: 1. to maintain competitiveness in the job market; and 2. to look good. According to these experts, men undergo surgical procedures to help them succeed in a marketplace where looking younger, fit and more masculine is a must. The better you look, the better are your opportunities of going up the corporate ladder.

Further, these surgeons revealed that there are four basic types of men that usually undergo cosmetic surgery procedures. They also outlined the most appropriate type of surgical procedure for them:

  1. The Male Model – usually goes for gluteal implants, pectoral implants, hi–definition liposuction to show off the abs and jaw line augmentation. These man wishes to have a more defined jaw line and beautiful abs.
  2. The Body Builder – this guy usually undergoes similar cosmetic procedures as the male model although he wishes to appear more muscular. This type of male wants his body to grow bigger – big glutates, big chest, although muscularly defined. This guy usually undergoes Gynescomastia, a process wherein some of the fatty tissues found around the breasts are eliminated.
  3. The Board Member or the CEO – this guy usually undergoes plastic surgery to improve their outward appearance as a way to be perceived as more professional and powerful in the workplace. This male is usually at the peak of his career and feels young and confident, although he is worried that he does not look it. Most surgeons advise this type of guy to leave a bit of their wrinkles since they are trustworthy and sexy. Guys of this type usually undergo a procedure called the “Forbes Facelift”, which usually consists of a jaw line re-contouring, eyelift, neck-lift and probably a liposuction procedure.
  4. Athletic Dad – this is the sole category that does not particularly reference a career. This is the male version of the so-called “Mommy Makeover” in females. These types of men usually undergo a small eyelift, liposuction and jaw line re-contouring.

Breast augmentation surgery risks

Breast augmentation refers to surgery that is done to change the size or shape of a woman’s breast. It can also be done to increase the volume of the breast. This surgery can also be conducted so as to restore the shape of a woman’s breasts after a pregnancy or she has lost weight. The surgery can be conducted by a cosmetic surgeon. The surgeon makes use of specialized tools to insert an implant into the breast so as to achieve the desired results. This implant is placed under the muscles of the chest or in the tissue of the breast. The implants can be full of various fluids. Examples of these fluids are silicone or saline fluid. Despite the various benefits of breast augmentation, there are a number of risks that are associated with this type of surgery.

General risks of surgery

A main risk in any surgery is negative reaction to the anesthetic that is administered. Some people are allergic to the contents of anesthetic. Thus, before the surgery begins, the surgeon always asks the patient about their allergies. During the surgery, the patient can bleed excessively. This is especially in cases where they are anemic. This can pose a risk to their life. In such a case, the surgeon always pumps more blood into the patient to preserve their life. The patient can also contract an infection during a breast augmentation surgery. Blood clots can also occur. Thankfully, cosmetic surgeons have mitigation procedures for each of these risks.

Risk of capsular contracture

After a breast augmentation surgery, the body naturally creates scar tissue around the implant. This is known as a capsule. This tissue is part of the process of healing in the breast. After some time, this scar tissue is supposed to shrink considerably. This process is known as capsular contraction. There is the risk that the capsule does not shrink as normally expected. Instead it tightens around the implant. This makes the breast to feel hard and causes the patient painful discomfort. This contraction can only be corrected with further surgery.

Risk of rupture

This is where the implant splits and spills its contents into the body. This split can be caused by a variety of factors. The case of the implant can have a problems with its construction. As a result, it can break open after insertion into the breast. Also, the rapture can be caused by injury to the breast. An example of injury is pressure applied on the breast causing the implant to burst open. Also, rapture can be caused by the case of the implant getting weaker. This can happen over time. It can get so weak that it eventually splits and spills its contents. The symptoms of a breast implant rapture include feeling that the breast is lumpy or red and tender. If the implant is filled with saline and bursts, the saline solution is simply absorbed into the body. However, if the implant is filled with silicone, this material can cause serious problems if it spills into the body. It can cause siliconoma or gel bleeding. In case you should experience a split, you should contact a health provider immediately and get a replacement for your implant.

Risk of seroma

Seroma is a condition where fluid accumulates around the implant. This phenomenon is common and the fluid often gets absorbed into the body. In cases where it does not, the fluid may need to be drained surgically.

Risk of severe scars

After a breast augmentation surgery, the breasts normally experience scars. These scars should be mild and heal over time. In some cases however, the scars are not mild. They can grow thick, full of lumps and become painful. In such a case, the patient should contact their cosmetic surgeon for a solution. Scars brought about by breast augmentation should heal quickly. If they are severe, they can last for years before they heal.

Risk of loss of sensation

After a breast augmentation surgery, it is normal that the nipples of the breast lose sensation. However, the sensation should return after a few days. In some cases, the sensation does not resume for a long time. On the other hand, some women may find that their nipples become hyper-sensitive. They can become so sensitive that they are painful to the touch. Should they become this way, it is important for you to see your cosmetic surgeon for treatment.